Terry Howard

A Quick Guide to Colonial-Style Grid Windows

If you’re constructing a historic home, you may be wondering what the best choices for window designs are. Here’s a quick guide to colonial grid windows, including their benefits and drawbacks. These windows are an extremely popular choice, especially for prairie-style homes. These windows mimic traditional double-hung windows while being low-maintenance and energy-efficient. While they aren’t as functional as traditional double-hung windows, they’re easy to maintain and make the house look historic.

Casement windows are popular in prairie-style homes.

Many prairie-style homes use casement windows. These windows are known for their energy efficiency. Many are also made of double-paned glass, argon gas, or improved spacers. In addition, since many of these windows are made of wood, you can mix wood frames with other types of windows for a unique look. Prairie-style windows are the perfect way to maximize your home’s beauty while increasing its ventilation and energy efficiency.

Prairie-style homes are often asymmetrical, allowing you to focus on other parts of the house. They also have large, open interior spaces. Many of these homes feature gridlines, art glass, and decorative transom windows. The angular feel of the windows can be broken up with mid-century modern furniture and accessories.

They mimic traditional double-hung windows.

If you’re looking for a window style with a historic feel, colonial-style grids are an excellent option. These windows feature grids made up of alternating panels with equally spaced glass panes. The result is the look of fewer individual windows. Originally used only in Colonial-style houses, colonial-style windows are now popular in modern homes.

These windows have a distinct grid pattern on the outside of the glass, with a smooth interior. These windows are a great choice for homes with a traditional style because of their uniform look. The Colonial-style grid windows have a classic look but can also be a great choice for homes with a mix of shapes. 

They are low maintenance.

If you want the look of classic Colonial windows but do not want to worry about high maintenance, choose simulated divided lites. Simulated divided lites combine the low maintenance of insulated glass with the classic look of grids. For an authentic look, consider installing genuine wood windows. While genuine wood windows can add warmth to your home, they are more expensive and require more upkeep. For low-maintenance windows that mimic authentic wood, consider vinyl or fiberglass.

In addition to the look of traditional windows, these styles can be low maintenance. Traditional style windows have grids between the glass panes for easier cleaning. These windows also feature the classic look of Colonial window muntins. You can match the interior color and woodgrain of your new windows to match the existing decor of your house. To get the right replacement windows, consider the style of your home and the look of nearby houses.

They are energy efficient.

The traditional look of a colonial home is best preserved by replacing old, tired wooden frames with new, durable ones. These windows offer energy efficiency and low maintenance while maintaining the traditional aesthetics and geometry of the home. The window’s tilt-in feature adds security, and the warranty is a lifetime. Energy-efficient windows can be an excellent choice if you’re considering renovating an old colonial home.

While grids are best for colonial homes, they also complement traditional-style homes. However, un-gridded windows work well in bungalows, ranch-style homes, and neighborhood houses. Unlike grid windows, which are hard to clean, these windows still maintain some viewable light space. Moreover, you can also opt for grids that come in various materials and styles, including simulated divided lites.

They are easy to clean.

Regarding cleaning and maintenance, Colonial-style grid windows are one of the most popular styles for new home construction. They are made of a smooth, easy-to-clean material that will last for years. You can choose from four popular styles, including plain and patterned grids. These styles are commonly found in new homes and older homes. Unfortunately, while they are easy to clean, they don’t last long if you let them get dirty.

Window grills vary in size and shape among manufacturers, and most are designed to be easy to clean. These windows feature squares that overlap on the glass edge, leaving small spaces in the corners. Most Prairie-style homes have casement windows, which are great for letting in light while creating space. Prairie-style homes also have sliding windows that feature this pattern. Each style can have different functionality, so you may want to experiment with them to see which one is best for your home.

An Overview of Lake Aeration

Aeration has many benefits, but what exactly is the best method? This article will explain Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Turbulent diffusion, and Submersed aeration. It will also give an overview of Fountains’ Achilles’ heel. Read on to learn more about the advantages and disadvantages of each type of aeration. After you’ve finished, you can decide which method is best for your lake.

Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)

The Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), also known as the biochemical oxygen requirement, is the total amount of oxygen that an area of water requires. The higher the BOD, the more organisms and microbes are needed to break down the polluting organic matter. This value is an indicator of the pollution levels in a lake. Biological oxygen demand is a measure of the oxygen uptake by microorganisms, and higher biochemical oxygen demand is a sign of high pollution.

To measure BOD, collect a water sample and place it in a bottle, pointing downstream. Then, fill the bottle gradually while avoiding turbulence since it will add oxygen to the example. Afterward, tilt the bottle and keep it under the water. Once the sample is collected, record the results on the field data sheet. To ensure accurate results, it is best to take the piece from the same spot every few days.

Turbulent diffusion

The effects of human activities on water chemistry can negatively affect dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations in lakes. These activities increase chemical or biological oxygen demands, reduce surface aeration, and decrease water-to-volume ratios. In some cases, humans can cause these effects by creating impoundments that slow water velocities and increase depth. Such impoundments also reduce aeration because they release water with low DO concentrations.

The physics behind turbulent diffusion in lakes can be explained by using Fick’s second law of diffusion. Diffusion coefficients are commonly used in atmospheric science to describe the turbulence produced by a turbulent flow. However, the physical mechanisms of turbulence vary considerably from one area to another, and different theories often use distinct models. The best model will be the one that reflects the dynamics of the given lake aeration and allows it to achieve its desired goals.

Submersed aeration

A submerged aeration system can help lakes and ponds improve water quality and reduce the need for costly dredging. It can be customized to meet the needs of a specific waterbody. Professionals in the field will consider a waterbody’s size, shape, and depth to determine the right system. They can use bathymetry and depth-sensing technology to help determine the best way to achieve these goals.

For a surface aeration system to be successful, the water must be at least a half-mile deep. To achieve this, a weather-protected on-shore compressor is used to release air through a subsurface tube. The air bubbles transport low-oxygen water from the bottom to the surface, mixing it with ambient oxygen. Continuous vertical mixing helps to increase oxygen concentration in water bodies by releasing the air at regular intervals. For remote aquatic areas, solar-powered systems are available.

Fountains’ Achilles’ heel

Fountains are great for aerating lakes and ponds, but they have limitations. While they’re good for small, round bodies, they can’t reach deep water. You’ll need a different system if your lake or pond is more than six feet deep. In addition, fountains’ Achilles’ heel is their low pumping rate. Depending on the size of your lake or pond, you may need to buy more than one fountain to ensure your water body receives enough oxygen.

Water-filled ponds can also smell bad. Fountains help prevent the formation of muck and bacteria by moving the top layer to the bottom of the lake. Aeration also encourages aerobic bacteria that break down organic material in water bodies, which is much more effective with oxygen. Aeration helps maintain the fragile ecosystem of your pond, which keeps water clean and odor-free.

Permit requirements

If you live in Minnesota and want to aerate your lake, you should first understand the permit requirements. You can receive an aeration permit through mail or email. It’s important to note that a lake aeration permit is required if the process will adversely affect the public’s access or neighboring riparian owners. If you plan to use your aeration system to prevent ice from forming on your lake, you must also post signs that warn swimmers that the lake is not open to the public.

The DNR has created an informational webpage that permits information, including links to forms and instructions. The webpage also contains helpful resources, such as videos describing the requirements for a permit, how to fill out the application, and how to prepare required technical documentation. In addition, a technical worksheet is available for use in Construction in Floodway applications. 


Proper lake aeration can mitigate a range of problems in water quality. Distributing oxygen throughout the water column allows aquatic plants to thrive and prevents the buildup of bottom sediment. It can also reduce the need for dredging in the future. These benefits make proper lake aeration essential to many integrated lake management programs. The following are some additional reasons why you should consider installing a lake aeration system.

Diffuse aeration prevents stratification, which can reduce oxygen levels in deeper water. It also helps prevent the accumulation of vegetation under thick ice. Additionally, it helps keep the water clean and reduces algae growth. Besides this, it can help maintain the balance of vegetation in a lake, improving fish health. Lastly, diffused aeration can help improve water quality by eliminating toxins, enhancing alkalinity, and stabilizing pH levels.

An Overview of Residential Landscape Design

This symposium will focus on the many important aspects of designing and planning a residential landscape, from design vocabularies to client service. He will also critique three current residential design projects. These discussions will be followed by Q&A sessions with industry leaders and fellow landscape architects.

Design process

The Design process for residential landscapes like residential landscape services St Louis MO involves many steps and begins with creating a master plan. Creating a master plan ahead of time can save time and money by ensuring the result is the right one. In the Design process for residential landscapes, the principles and design elements are considered to organize artificial and natural features in the yard into a beautiful landscape. This process is vital to creating a beautiful and functional outdoor space, and it can also save time and money by allowing designers to concentrate on other parts of the project.

The next step in the Design process for residential landscapes involves creating detailed plans and working drawings. First, a conceptual sketch plan will depict the existing conditions of the site and what the proposed form will look like. The sketch plan will also show hardscape elements, drainage concepts, and indicative planting palettes. This design phase will ultimately translate into working drawings that can be used for construction and council approval. Once the basic design is approved, the next step is to develop the details. These plans will include sections, elevations, details, schedules, and specifications.

Design vocabularies

Many design vocabularies may be applicable to residential landscape projects. The Base Map incorporates data gathered in the field survey to provide the basis for design. Other words for landscape elements may include lion-dog statues, Boston (the Persian word for ‘orchard’), loggia, berm, and CAD renderings. These visual representations of landscape design elements can be in the form of an introductory paragraph, guide, or site map.

The terms in design vocabularies vary depending on the industry. Landscape architects often use these terms to describe the spatial construction of their designs. In addition, they may refer to specific types of plants or landscape elements. Many landscape designers adhere to the code of professional conduct. For instance, when working on residential landscape projects, it is essential to follow the standards of conduct for landscape professionals. 

Land use of natural resources

Using land responsibly is an increasingly important part of urban planning. With an increasing human population, land resources are in short supply. Properly allocating this limited resource is essential to meet human needs and protect our natural resources for future generations. Land use planning involves scientific information about the natural resources in the landscape and integrating that information with economic, social, and cultural considerations. With careful planning, urban growth can be balanced with preserving natural resources and ensuring that everyone has access to quality, sustainable lifestyle.

Urbanization has led to increased land-use planning. In Pennsylvania, for example, urban planning must consider the scale of development and physical geography of the area. While the energy industry has created a different set of problems in Texas and Oklahoma, the Marcellus gas development in Pennsylvania has created unique challenges in the residential landscape. Communities need to plan strategically for future growth and the needs of the population. However, there are still many benefits to urban planning.

Client service

The symposium will cover critical issues for planning and designing residential landscapes, including design vocabularies and client service. The keynote speaker, Richard Shaw, principal of Design Workshop and designer of award-winning residential landscapes, will frame the discussion with his 40-year career and knowledge of the history of residential design. The discussion will be followed by critiques of three current Design Workshop residential projects. This symposium will be beneficial to both professional and student landscape architects.

Best Qualifications For a Therapist

Looking for therapists in NYC? There are various requirements for being a therapist. First are the educational requirements, professional experience, and continuing education requirements. Below we have listed the best qualifications for a therapist. A valid NCC and certification are essential. Then, the therapist must have advanced specialized coursework, supervised clinical training, and professional experience.

Moreover, the therapist must pass an exam to be certified. A resume should highlight all these elements and include relevant elective modules. For a cover letter, a resume must be complemented with a brief summary of your training and professional goals.

Qualities of a good therapist

A therapist should know the field and be experienced in working with troubled people. There is no set number of years that a person should have worked with patients, but it’s advisable to avoid those who claim to be experts but have only seen a few. Instead, ask about the therapist’s training and education. If they have undergone formal training, ask whether they are qualified. If not, move on to the next therapist.

A good therapist should communicate well. For example, an effective therapist should show warmth and concern during an interview. Likewise, they should be dynamic and provide specific feedback. Finally, they should be open to challenging the patient’s beliefs and addressing them to foster healing. This is important for therapeutic bonding. But how can you tell if a therapist is qualified? Here are a few qualities of a good therapist.

Education requirements

There are various education requirements for therapists. These requirements vary between states, but a physical therapist’s minimum education requirements are typically a Master’s degree. A recreational therapist’s bachelor’s or associate’s degree is required. A Massage Therapist must also have a program requiring at least 515 hours of clinical experience. Senior Psychotherapists can earn $75,000 per year, while those in the early stages of their career can make less than $30,000.

Moreover, certain education requirements exist for therapists who work with children and adolescents. These professionals must undergo at least 60 hours of ICASA-approved training on child sexual abuse. These courses must cover sexual behavior patterns in children, appropriate behavior, and counseling strategies for this population. They also must complete at least half of the training within six months or one year of starting their employment. However, most members of the massage community agree that the training requirements are reasonable and that they are beneficial to the field.

Important Factors to Know Before You Replace a Garage Door Spring

There are a few things to know about replacing a garage door spring. First, it is safer to use a Torsion spring rather than an extension spring. Torsion springs are safer and last longer, while extension springs cost more to replace.

Torsion springs are safer than extension springs.

Compared to extension springs, torsion springs require less maintenance and are safer for garage doors. Torsion springs are more expensive than extension springs, but they are stronger and last longer. In addition, torsion springs are safer for garage doors because they remain inside the shaft, not thrown out by force. However, they take more space above the garage door and are more expensive.

Torsion springs are safer for garage doors because they are installed around the spring bar, which will make noise if they break. Torsion springs will last longer, but only if you replace your garage door. You should still choose to replace your existing spring with a torsion spring if you have an older garage.

Regarding garage door springs Hesperia replacement, torsion springs are generally preferred over extension springs. These springs are safer and quieter as they transfer the weight from the door to the anchor plate in the center of the garage. Moreover, they don’t take up as much space in the garage. If you have a smaller garage, you can choose extension springs instead. However, you should consider your garage’s size before deciding between extension springs and torsion springs.

Garage door buckling

If your garage door is buckling, you should disconnect the lift cable. First, disconnect the line from the bracket above the garage door opening. Next, disengage the moveable pulley from the end of the spring and unthread it.

To replace a garage door spring, follow these steps: unwind the torsion bar. Next, remove the spring and the drum from the bracket. Next, remove the old spring by pulling it off and unscrewing it with a wrench. Be sure to install the new spring on the same side as the old one. Once this step is complete, attach the stationary mounting cones to the center bracket. Lastly, test the spring by pushing it up and down a quarter turn. Ensure that the new spring has a proper grip by loosening the winding bar.

It’s essential to have someone help you when doing this task. Make sure you follow the manufacturer’s directions and hire a professional. If you’re working alone, make sure you follow the instructions carefully. Then shut the garage door and disconnect the electricity and current breakers. 

Replacing the spring

To replace the spring, first, unwind the torsion spring. Then, remove the drum and cables from the spring. Then, thread the new spring into the torsion tube. Then, wind the spring in the opposite direction from the unwound part. Then, measure the wire size and wire diameter. Then, divide the measurement by 20 or 40. If the spring is not the same size as the old one, you need to rewind it.

If you cannot do it yourself, hire a professional. It’s cheaper and less dangerous to hire a professional. There are many factors to consider before replacing the spring.

Measure the spring’s length and width before purchasing it. You’ll find that it’s painted in a way that indicates how strong it pulls. You need to buy the right spring based on these measurements. Then, you can purchase the parts you need from big-box stores or online. If you don’t have the spring ends painted on the door, you can measure the height in inches and divide it by half to determine the correct length for the new spring.

Steps in Choosing the Right Construction Services Company

Building a solid reputation is one of the best ways to select the right construction services company. A good reputation is what makes a construction company successful and is what creates repeat business and referrals. You can tell a successful company by looking for several things, such as good communication, safe and clean job sites, and a budget and schedule. Below are several tips for selecting the right construction services company for your needs.

Building a strong brand

Building a strong brand in today’s increasingly savvy customer environment is crucial to attracting new customers. Modern customers want to do business with a company whose name and brand they recognize and come across as trustworthy and professional. As suggested by construction services Boston ma construction companies must invest in strategies that promote brand awareness and build strong brand identities. Successful marketing campaigns should include online and offline tactics to reach the right audience.

Social media is a great way to increase awareness about a construction company. Building a strong brand on social media allows construction companies to share content with customers differently. For example, customers can click a Facebook post to visit a company’s website or call an office using their mobile phone. In addition, collaborating with other construction companies allows the construction company to piggyback on content provided by other partners and clients. Marketing and branding teams must maintain a consistent tone and image throughout these different channels.

Checking out a contractor’s BBB profile

If you are looking to hire a contractor for your home improvement project, you might check out their Better Business Bureau profile. These ratings are accessible to the public, but the Better Business Bureau is accused of favoring companies that pay membership fees. Therefore, it’s essential to use several research tools before hiring a construction services company. Below are the tips for checking out a construction services company’s BBB profile.

Firstly, go to the Better Business Bureau’s website and search for a company. You can do this by name, category, city, and postal code. For example, if you’re looking for a specific service, you can use the type or location to narrow down your results. You can also browse a company’s profile by industry or location. For example, if you’re looking for a plumber, you can use the category name to search for the best plumbers in your area.

Checking out a construction manager’s experience

A construction manager oversees all construction project phases, from planning to turnover. These managers also work closely with other building specialists, such as civil engineers, carpenters, and stonemasons. Hybrid construction managers act like general contractors but don’t add profit or overhead to the bid. However, they allow owners to select and contract with subcontractors directly.

During post-construction, the owner takes possession of the space, and the space becomes occupied. After construction is complete, the keys are handed over to the owner, who prepares to open the business. The construction manager is the ace in the chess game of construction projects – they must effectively allocate resources, delegate tasks, and orchestrate progress towards a quality build.

Getting a quote from a construction management service

There are several different ways to get a construction management service quote. For one, you can ask the service provider for a verbal or written estimate of how much the project will cost. While a quotation is only a rough guess, it can be beneficial for planning larger jobs and working out an overall budget. The quantity surveyor who will provide the estimate will have extensive experience in costing construction jobs and should be able to provide you with the correct information about the project’s costs.

A construction manager can also act as a general contractor. In addition to overseeing the construction process, a construction manager can also act as a client representative. This position can significantly increase efficiency and productivity. However, general contractors will charge higher rates than construction managers, usually from 10% to 20% of the project’s overall cost. When choosing a general contractor, you should know that this service will also handle all accounting and personnel records. Additionally, a general contractor will assume total liability for the work and typically pay for delays and overruns.

Hiring a general contractor with experience with local subcontractors

If you’re planning on hiring a general contractor, make sure to research the reputation of any potential candidates. Look for a contractor with experience in the type of project you’re planning. Ask for references and examples of work, and look for a license. Additionally, make sure the contractor has no complaints. Finally, contact the local Better Business Bureau to learn more about their reputation.

When hiring a sub, ask for a GC’s experience with local subcontractors. Ask for their business cards and check out the work they’ve done. For example, many GCs require their subs to submit financial statements and provide them with a W-9 form, written proof that they’ll handle payroll taxes. Likewise, many GCs require subcontractors to provide financial statements from the last year’s income.

Not Ready To Move: Tips for Making the Most of the Space You Have

Is your home feeling cramped? Are you adding another member or finding your current crew is simply outgrowing the space? While you could look for a new home, this place is special. You may not be ready to say farewell just yet. Instead, consider what you could do to get more from what you have. The following tips could help you find more room.

1. Invest in Storage

If things are spilling out all over, you may feel like pulling your hair out. Don’t. Find organizers for your most-used rooms. An office, for instance, may serve multiple purposes. Add cabinets to hide and store your valuables, keeping them off the floor and out of sight.

2. Use Rooms for More Than One Thing

Condense your room needs. Use a spare room for an exercise gym and a guest quarters. Take a closet, and turn it into a hideaway spot. Get creative. Think of your immediate desires and find a way to make them happen.

3. Add Space

Okay, expand. Work with experts in custom home builders Green Cove Springs FL, to create a detached room or transform the garage into a liveable area. This option allows you to pick out the size and purpose of the room. Move your office outside. Transform the garage into a study or entertainment center. Spread out the kids to avoid arguments. 

4. Increase Function

Which rooms are underutilized? Do you have an entryway that could house a side table and bins? Begin to think of your home as a place that needs to be used everywhere. If someplace is never touched, consider why. Find a way to make use of it.

Don’t despair. You can try to get more from your home. Scrutinize how you use the space now and consider making changes. Focus on storage and functionality.

How a Sharpening Service Can Make Your Life Better

Many small, simple things can make everyday life better, including having sharp knives or tools. Some people rely on complicated tools, but everyone uses household tools and utensils daily.

Good sharpening services Savannah GA can take the worry out of taking care of your tools. Here are some ways a sharpening service can improve your life.

Sharp Utensils and Tools Make Your Life Easier

Many things in your daily life don’t get much attention. One example is the tools you use regularly. Using utensils in the kitchen while making meals is an everyday task that rarely gets a second thought. If making good dishes seems to be more work than it used to, try using freshly sharpened knives. If you haven’t had your cooking knives sharpened recently, you may be surprised at how much easier making good food can be.

This factor is true for any tools you use. Have you ever mowed grass with a dull mower? A sharp blade makes the difference between a pleasant day and a miserable trudge. If you work with any kind of tool, sharpness affects the quality and speed of your work and your enjoyment of your time.

Sharp Tools Keep You Safe

Any tool needs force to make it work. Less force to get the right result is better for ease, accuracy, and safety. If you are peeling potatoes with a dull knife, you have to push harder, which makes the knife move faster and more likely to continue through the potato. If your hand is on the other side, that may be where the knife ends up. At best, this accident makes for a painful experience. Properly sharpened knives prevent mishaps by letting you use less force, giving you better control.

If you take care of your tools, they’ll keep you safe and happy. Make sure you’re keeping them maintained, and they’ll keep working correctly!

3 Great Ways To Prepare Your Home for Sale

Planning to put your house on the market? Selling your home can be one of the most stressful experiences of your life, but with proper planning, you can streamline the process. Here are the three best ways to prepare your home for sale.

1. Declutter Your Interior

Buyers want to be able to envision life in the homes they tour. Give these potential buyers a clean slate by decluttering and depersonalizing every room of your house. This means removing all personal items, including family photographs and other personal mementos. If your home doesn’t have enough storage space for these items, it’s a smart idea to hire movers Norman OK to move these items to a storage unit.

2. Revitalize Your Landscaping

Make your home look more inviting by tending to your home’s landscaping. Remove all debris from your yard and get your lawn to look its best by trimming the edges and applying an environmentally safe fertilizer. For a simple yet effective touch, install flower boxes below your front windows to give your home a more cheerful aesthetic that potential buyers will be sure to love!

3. Refresh Your Garage Door

If your garage door is looking less than impressive, there are easy ways to give it a more pleasing look. For wood doors, a new coat of stain or paint can make an old door appear new again. Aluminum doors can be updated by applying a vinyl wrap. A more attractive garage door provides an undeniable lift to the curb appeal of any home so make these simple updates to give potential buyers a great first impression.

Take it easy on yourself and properly prepare your home to hit the market. By following these tips, your home will be ready to greet potential buyers so prepare for the offers to come in!

3 Best Ways To Add Luxury Details to Your Home

Want to improve the quality of your home? Adding luxury features both inside and out can truly set your home apart from the rest. If you’re looking to add touches of luxury throughout your home, here are three tips that will help you live a little more like royalty every day!

1. Upgrade Your Bathroom

Your bathroom is the best spot in the house to add indulgent amenities and luxury features. Most importantly, though, you’ll need to make sure your bathroom surfaces are top-of-the-line. Install quality tile or hardwood floors and swap out your old vanity for a new one with a trendy marble countertop. Professional installers of marble countertops Butler PA will provide you with a long-lasting vanity surface that will stand the test of time and look expensive, too!

2. Renovate Your Kitchen

You already know that the kitchen is the heart of any home. That’s why upgrading this space is a great way to improve the appearance and function of your home’s interior. You could go for a complete renovation, including replacing all appliances, flooring, cabinets and countertops. Oftentimes, a minor renovation such as installing a new backsplash or modern lighting is all it takes to bring a little more sophistication to this space.

3. Install a Pool

While you’re working to make your home more luxurious, don’t forget to pay attention to your outdoor spaces, as well. What’s more lavish than a brand-new in-ground pool? Consult with professional pool design and installation specialists to help you create the outdoor oasis of your dreams! Add special features like a tanning shelf or an infinity edge to take your pool to the next level and you’ll feel like you’re on vacation every day!

Luxury details will help you maximize your enjoyment of everyday life at home. By following these tips, your home will be instantly transformed from dull to dazzling!